Northwest Native Plant Trail


The Northwest Native Trail was designed to link the viewing mound to the educational pavilion, and was installed in 2007. Native trees, shrubs and perennials were selected to demonstrate plants that can be used in typical back yard gardens. Plants selected would mature at moderate size and have good ornamental value, with attractive flowers and fruits, and interesting shapes and textures. The Northwest Native Trail demonstrates the benefits of using natives in the landscape, providing shelter, food and nesting habitat for wildlife. Natives are well adapted to our climate and are summer drought tolerant and disease resistant. The pathway connecting the Viewing Mound with the Educational Pavilion is paved with concrete and stamped with native plant leaves and native animal footprints. The garden was funded through a Starbuckís Neighborhood Grant, The Washington Native Plant Society, The Everettís Northwest Neighborhood Association, Everett Parks and Recreation, and the Evergreen Arboretum and Gardens Foundation.
  • Salal (Gaultheria shallon); an attractive evergreen shrub with sprays of white bell shaped flowers which in turn form edible purple berries. The fruit was an important food for aboriginal people
  • Goatís Beard (Aruncus sylvestris) A tall (3 to 6 ft.) perennial with a large spay of creamy white flowers blooming in late spring. Roots had a wide variety of medicinal uses by aboriginal people
  • Camas (Camassia squamash) a bulb with grass-like leaves in the lily family which blooms in tall purplish blue spikes. Bulbs were an important food for aboriginal people.
  • Silk Tassel (Garrya elliptica) evergreen shrub with oval leaves and long silvery catkins which appear in winter or early spring.
  • Red Columbine (Aquilegia formosa) a perennial herb from a taproot, flowers showy red and yellow with long reddish spurs. Flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies. The Haida people called this the red-rain flower and warned children not to pick the flowers or it would rain.
  • Ninebark (Physocarpus capitatus) a spreding deciduous shrub with shredding bark. White flowers in spring in rounded clusters. Some ninebark cultivars have dark purple foliage and pink-tinted flowers. Some tribes considered this shrub highly poisonous, while others found medicinal uses.
  • Stonecrop, found on rocky cliffs and outcrops throughout the region
  • Western Azalea (Rhododendron occidentale) A deciduous shrub to 15 ft, with flowers in clusters. Cream colored petals, the upper petal streaked with pink or pale orange.
  • False Solomonís Seal (Smilacena racemose) a perennial growing in clumps from rhizomes. Plumes of creamy white flowers. Fruit is a red berry, edible but not tasty.
  • Red Currant (Ribes sanguineum) a deciduous shrub with showy sprays of tube like flowers from white to deep rose-red. Blue-black round berries are edible but not tasty.
  • Fringe Cup (Tellima grandiflora) a perennial with heart shaped basal leaves and a tall flower stalk with cup shaped greenish to red flowers. The Skagit pounded fringecup, boiled it and drank the tea for a number of ailments.
  • Oregon Iris (Iris tenax) Rhizomes form clumps strap like leaves and have showy flowers in May and June, colors ranging from white to dark violet blue. Aboriginal people braided the leaves into snares for animals as large as elk.

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